DIY Solar Street Light technology is certainly not a new innovation, it came into existence in seventeenth-century B.C, and this innovation has denoted its essence in both the developed and the developing nations. Electric Street lights utilize a lot more energy as they use High intensity LED lamps. For energy conservation, we have everything that works with solar energy like Solar LED street lamps or lights, vehicles, solar-powered buildings etc.
Solar-powered LED street lighting has become very present all over the globe and these lights are very eco–friendly and are very easily installed, giving a splendid look. The solar LED street lights system extracts the solar energy and then converts it into electrical energy and the framework has automatic sensors, which automatically turns on as it starts to get dark and automatically turn off at the time of sunrise.
Design of DIY Solar Street Light System
The Solar LED street light system is very efficient and works based on the following parts, which are an essential part of the whole design, elaborated below:
- Solar Panel
Solar panels or sun-oriented boards are designed to extract sunrays as a medium of energy for the production of electricity, light etc. These panels are referred to as photovoltaic since they are used for converting light energy directly into electrical energy. Solar panel is fabricated from Solar cells. A huge quantity of little solar cells are spread over an enormous surface region, which can used together for arrangement of adequate power to be utilized. The mechanism of the solar cell is, if amount of light that falls on the cell is more, then it will help in generating more electricity. So more the light, more the power. Two types of solar panels are utilized to accomplish power. The most widely recognized and most commonly used is the solar electricity cells.
Diverse designs of solar panels, which are expanding in terms of popularity and prevalence, are the solar-based water heating panels, which can very easily provide hot water supply to every corner of the of house, hot water to the swimming pools and for numerous other purposes.
- LED lights
The solar street lights are utilized or we can say activated from dusk to dawn. They have an automatic feature of turning on when it is dusk and turning off, when it is dawn.
LEDs are utilized in current road lights to give more splendid light with low energy utilization. The energy utilization of LED apparatus is lesser than the high-pressure sodium apparatus, which is commonly utilized in conventional streetlights. In comparison to the incandescent and fluorescent lights, the single LED is not equivalent to them. Many LEDs will give splendid light than these lights. The upsides of LEDs mostly incorporate environment- friendly, very rigid, no ultraviolet outflows and long life.
- Rechargeable battery
One of the most important component in the installation of the LED street light system is Rechargeable batteries. It’s a kind of electrical battery also called as a secondary cell. For the most part, there are two types of batteries in particular, one is gel cell deep cycle battery and the other one is lead acid battery. These rechargeable batteries are utilized for storing the electricity produced from the solar panel during sunrise in solar LED street lights, so that it can manage the energy consumption in the sunset. The lifetime of the battery and usage is very important as It showcases the durability and reinforcement time of streetlights so that they can reused.
A solid shaft is required for every single road light and furthermore for a solar street light. There are different parts, for example, boards, batteries and apparatuses fixed on the highest point of the post. In this light, working voltage is 12V DC which is an apparent framework voltage, and the output of the pole at 12 feet is at least 09 LUX unit.
A controller is a critical gadget in solar street light which is used to choose the status of the charging and lighting by turning it on or turning it off. The controllers available in the market these days comprise of a battery charger, an auxiliary power supply, a LED light driver , a MCU and an assurance circuit. The battery can be charged by the power obtained from the solar panels boards during dawn and keeping in mind that in the dusk it charges the battery.
- Interconnecting Cables
For interconnecting Battery box on top of the pole, LED and solar panel, these cables are used. It connects the photovoltaic module to the controller and then to the lamps and the battery. There are certain sizes and length of the cables which can used for the installation but measurements are selected based on the current being carried to the LED street lights and height of the pole.
Applications Of Solar LED Street Light
- Airport lighting
- Street lighting
- Highway road way lighting
- Bridge lighting
- Parks and playground parking
- Hospital parking
- Residential lighting
- Commercial lighting
- Industrial lighting
- Highway and ramp lighting
- Area lighting
- Security light
- Parking lot lighting
DIY Solar Street Light: Benefits of DIY Solar street light
- Their Installation is very easy.
- They have a long usage expectancy and low maintenance.
- They provide a pollution-free ambiance.
- In comparison to other conventional light, they offer a high lighting output
- 2-year full system warranty.
- These lights are very easily portable.
This concludes the Solar based LED Street light system and its applications. We trust that you have clear comprehension of this theme, and on the off chance that you have any questions on this subject, you can contact us at del illumination.
You may also want to check out Old Style HPS Lights vs. LEDs outdoor solar street lamps.