The standalone hybrid solar street LED light is one of the most intelligent lighting solutions that have been designed over the course of time and provide great value and flexibility to the users. The standalone solar street lights have all the equipment provided in such a way that it is capable of operating on their own without requiring any external source. A standard hybrid solar street light consists of a light, a solar panel, battery, pole, and secondary equipment that is necessary for the operation of the street light.
Therefore, in order to accommodate all these equipment on a single system, an effective structure has to be manufactured so that all the parts can be integrated in an effective manner. The integration between different parts of the system is highly important because in case one of the parts is not performing its operation effectively then it will lead to impacting the overall performance of the system.
Therefore, in this article, we will explain the structure of a standalone hybrid solar street LED light system in order to provide significant insights to our readers regarding the operation of the standalone lights and how integration between different parts is maintained during the operation. Developing an understanding of the effective structure of a hybrid standalone street light will also enable users to obtain better results from the manufacturers in case they have lighting requirements in their area and need to install solar street lights.
The structure of standalone solar street lights can be divided into three different parts i.e. top unit, main unit, and base unit. In all these units, different components are adjusted in such a way that they are capable of operating in an effective manner while also ensuring proper integration between all the parts. An explanation of these three parts of the system is given below:
The top unit of the LED solar street light system consists of a solar panel that is mounted on the top of the pole in such a way that it is capable of generating electricity by utilizing solar radiation. In the top unit, the connection between the solar panel and the main unit of the stand-alone solar street light system is also made in such a way that the electricity generated by the solar panel is stored in the battery present in the main unit.
The top unit of the system is also flexible since the solar panel has to rotate according to the movement of the sun in order to generate maximum electricity by utilizing the radiation at the most appropriate angle. Therefore, there are Hinges available in the top unit around which the solar panel can rotate on an adjustable angle depending upon the movement of the sun.
The wire harness of this unit is present at the base due to which it is convenient for this is time to store the energy in the main unit.
The top unit also contains the LED light, which is responsible for illuminating the coverage area. The light is attached to the post through the arms and the position of the light over the coverage area depends upon the design of the arm as well as the head in which the light is installed. It provides energy from the main unit, which is present below and a wire is required to ensure integration between the top unit and the main unit. Therefore, only two wires are required in order to ensure proper integration between the top unit and the main unit.
The main unit is present above the base of the solar street light post and it contains a number of different equipment, which are necessary for the operation of the solar street light system. The main unit consists of a solar charger, battery, control board, protection mechanism, and wire harness that is necessary for maintaining integration between different units of the system. The control board contains the circuitry of the system, which is responsible for operating the solar street light in a manner that ensures an efficient operation.
Similarly, in the main unit of the system, a battery is also present which has integration with the top unit of the system, and the energy generated by the solar panel is stored in the battery. There is a connection between the battery and the Solar street LED light as well.
The main unit also contains the maintenance area of the system through which the workers can access the circuitry and control board of the system in order to carry out maintenance when required. In this way, it is highly convenient to carry out the maintenance of the solar system and solve any problems by accessing the maintenance area.
It is the supporting unit of the street light system and the pole is erected over the base. It provides foundational support to the pole in such a way that it is erected and supports the main and top units of the system. In some cases, the base unit also contains a battery of the system due to which the wire harness from the top unit to the base unit is also provided. The battery of the system is usually heavy and placing it in the main unit can lead to advanced requirements for the pole due to which it is more appropriate to place it in the base unit by providing extra wiring.
Solar street LED: Conclusion
The structure of a solar street light system consists of three different units’ i.e. top unit, main unit, and base unit. Different units of the system contain the equipment necessary for the stand-alone operation of the solar street LED light. Proper integration has to be ensured between different units of the system so that all parts perform their operations effectively and the overall performance of the system can be enhanced. Similarly, during the design process, special care should be carried out in placing the components at appropriate places so that the overall performance of the system remains smooth.
You may also want to check Different types of controllers used in solar led street light circuit.
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